奥克兰Essay代写:说服的力量
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奥克兰Essay代写:说服的力量

2017-04-01 01:07

处于这一前所未有的说服的力量,人们越来越担心全球媒体标准与学术共识确认tabloidisation整个自由世界的新闻。开创性研究等著名媒体分析师斯坦利·科恩(1976),斯图亚特·霍尔(1980)和诺曼Fairclough(1995)强调了需要重新评估的作用,媒体在当代社会和编码的消息发送到一个毫无戒心的观众。来说,没什么比这个更好的说明关于犯罪,这是最轰动的新闻头条,尤其是通过电视播出。当它使犯罪往往是头条新闻报道超过政治故事,据报道等方式向观众灌输恐惧和不祥(1996:305利文斯顿- 324)。犯罪,尤其是对妇女和儿童犯下的罪行,从位置和详细报告,强调警察逮捕罪魁祸首的努力,越来越多的人为因素的受害者的家庭的痛苦。当然,至于最后发展,描绘了受害者的渴望看到正义被伸张,经常的理由报告犯罪首先(岩石,1990)。伦敦经济学院的联合研究和社会心理学进行1997年发现一个巨大的增加表现在电视媒体报道犯罪的受害者。研究发现,受害显示创伤性后果,1980 - 1991年期间74%的犯罪故事,40% 1965 - 1979年期间,只有25%的1945 - 1964年期间(莱纳和利文斯通,1997:8-9)。这反映了鲜明的崛起有人情味的故事在二十世纪的英国报纸,绘制了雪莱克劳克兰现象和彼得·戈尔丁(2000:75 - 89),这表明,即使是传统的高-眉毛在英国报纸上已经转向了现代倾向于使引起轰动的新闻,包括犯罪、故事。因此,边界,用于分离低和高光谱的媒体近年来已经被侵蚀。
奥克兰Essay代写:说服的力量
In the midst of this unprecedented power of persuasion, there are growing concerns about media standards across the globe with academic consensus confirming the ‘tabloidisation’ of news throughout the free world. Pioneering studies by eminent media analysts such as Stanley Cohen (1976), Stuart Hall (1980) and Norman Fairclough (1995) have underscored the need for a reassessment of the role that the media plays in contemporary society and the encoded messages that it sends out to an unsuspecting audience. Nowhere is this better illustrated than with regards to crime, which is the most sensationalised of all of the headlines on news bulletins, particularly when broadcast via television. When it makes headline news crime tends to be reported over and above political stories and it is reported in such a way as to instil fear and foreboding into the viewer (Livingstone, 1996:305-324). Crimes, particularly crimes committed against women and children, are reported from location and in great detail, highlighting the police’s efforts to apprehend the culprit and, increasingly, the human element of the suffering of the victim’s family. Certainly, with regards to this last development, depicting the victim’s desire to see justice done is frequently the raison d’être for reporting the crime in the first instance (Rock, 1990). A joint study by the London School of Economics and the Department of Social Psychology undertaken in 1997 found a vast increase in the representation of victims in televised media reporting of crime. The study found that victimisation is shown as having traumatic consequences in 74% of crime stories in the period 1980-1991, 40% during the period 1965-1979 and only 25% during the period 1945-1964 (Reiner and Livingstone, 1997:8-9). This mirrors the stark rise of human interest stories in British newspapers during the twentieth century, a phenomenon charted by Shelley McLachlan and Peter Golding (2000:75‑89), which reveals that even the traditionally high‑brow broadsheet newspapers in the UK have gravitated towards the modern tendency to sensationalise news, including crime, stories. Thus, the boundaries that used to separate the low and high end spectrums of the media have been eroded in recent years.